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Positive Externalities to Investments in Education: The Case of Fertility and Contraceptive use


Despite the fact that there has been a growing recognition of the role of education in economic growth, studies on the channels of effect are minimal. There are a number of positive externalities associated with investments in education. This study argues that education has a positive externality on economic growth through its reduction effect of human fertility. The study employs descriptive and econometric analyses to show that in general education has an increasing effect on the use of contraceptives and a reducing effect on fertility. However, the level of schooling for this type of relation is far beyond what is advocated for primary education. While it was found that women's education was more important than their male counterparts in exerting such effects, most of the fertility reducing effect of education did come through delaying age at marriage.

Corporate Author: 
Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Primary Descriptors: 


Secondary Descriptor: 

Economic development

Cataloge Date: 
Broad Subject heading: 
Education-Economic aspects
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2004
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-05-27 23:04:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 14:55:40
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Current frequency: