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Rural-Urban Migration and the Expansion of Youths’ Begging in Jigjiga Town, East Ethiopia

Abstract: 

Nowadays migration has become the hot issue of the world and Africa in general and Ethiopia in Particular. However, domestic rural-urban migration has given less attention. But, currently, the internal rural-urban migration is increasing in Ethiopia in general and in Jigjiga town in particular and it has an impact on the socioeconomic development of the country. The main objective of this study is, therefore, to appraise the causes and course of flow of migrant beggars from the surrounding rural area to Jigjiga town and assessing their economic at their destination, Jigjiga town. Using qualitative method, this paper has attempted to fill the gap in this regard. The data have been collected through interviews, FGD, non-participant observations and through text analyses. Snow ball sampling was employed to access the migrants at Jigjiga town.

The findings of this study reveals that significant number of Oromo migrants originating from East Hararghe Zone were refuge in Jigjiga town where they were tried to make a living through begging in the streets, at the gate of the mosques or going from house to house asking for food. Hence, for these Oromo migrants from East Hararghe Zone, Jigjiga town is the prime destination in the Somali Region. The migrants, mainly women and children, were waiting for Friday midday prayers to end, hoping to get alms from people leaving the mosque and they have wandered from one individual houses to other to beg cooked meal. Most of the migrants are addicted with drug mainly chat and cigarette.  After they arrived at Jigjiga town, most migrants become economically inactive and their livelihood become relied on begging and begging. Most of the female migrants gave a birth and become mothers and sometimes they used their children to gain sympathy. These migrant beggars have faced various challenges such as unwanted pregnancy, high child mortality, sexual harassment like rape and social segregation.

Corporate Author: 
Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-60-10
Primary Descriptors: 

Rural-Urban Migration and Youths

Secondary Descriptor: 

Begging, Jigjiga town, Migrants

Geographic Descriptors: 
East Ethiopia, Jigjiga
Cataloge Date: 
03/08/2018
Broad Subject heading: 
Migration
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2017
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
II
Year: 
2017
Publication date: 
2017-06-02 00:00:00
Conference Place: 
Addis Ababa, EEA Multi-purpose Building Conference Hall
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy
Thematic area: 
Agriculture, Environment and Social Sector Related Topics
Conference date: 
July 21 – 23, 2016