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A Panel Multidimensional Poverty Estimation for Ethiopia

Abstract: 

Estimating the extent of poverty is a preliminary task before implementing any anti-poverty project. This can be done by creating a holistic individual deprivation index for different life dimensions. Currently, there are a growing number of multidimensional poverty index (MPI) studies. However, there exist only few empirical papers for Ethiopia that used country-specific well-being indictors in a panel data framework. This paper estimated the MPI for Ethiopia using the Ethiopian Rural Household Panel Data Survey (ERHS) for the years 2004 and 2009. The study used five dimensions and nineteen country specific well-being indicators to estimate MPI.

The MPI estimation, with the counting approach, showed that the percentage of multidimensional poor people for the years 2004 and 2009 were 35% and 25% respectively. The paper decomposed MPI across regions, household sizes, and depth and breadth of poverty. The lowest MPI registered for Tigray region and the highest was for SNNPR region. The MPI decomposition across time estimate confirmed that the large decrease in the MPI was the result of a significant decrease in the number of poor households among the middle and the large families than a decrease in the number of deprivations. The panel MPI decomposition also showed that, once a household slipped into poverty, the probability of exiting from it was very low. Child mortality contributed more for the decrease in the breadth of poverty. Moreover, the decrease in asset deprivation contributed the largest for the decrease in MPI across the two periods. The use of country-specific indicators, such as land holding and crop stored for agrarian economy, are more likely to identify poor people than indicators used in internationally comparable MPI estimation. This panel based MPI estimation clearly showed the progress or regresses of households in achieving a particular indicator over timeEstimating the extent of poverty is a preliminary task before implementing any anti-poverty project. This can be done by creating a holistic individual deprivation index for different life dimensions. Currently, there are a growing number of multidimensional poverty index (MPI) studies. However, there exist only few empirical papers for Ethiopia that used country-specific well-being indictors in a panel data framework. This paper estimated the MPI for Ethiopia using the Ethiopian Rural Household Panel Data Survey (ERHS) for the years 2004 and 2009. The study used five dimensions and nineteen country specific well-being indicators to estimate MPI.

The MPI estimation, with the counting approach, showed that the percentage of multidimensional poor people for the years 2004 and 2009 were 35% and 25% respectively. The paper decomposed MPI across regions, household sizes, and depth and breadth of poverty. The lowest MPI registered for Tigray region and the highest was for SNNPR region. The MPI decomposition across time estimate confirmed that the large decrease in the MPI was the result of a significant decrease in the number of poor households among the middle and the large families than a decrease in the number of deprivations. The panel MPI decomposition also showed that, once a household slipped into poverty, the probability of exiting from it was very low. Child mortality contributed more for the decrease in the breadth of poverty. Moreover, the decrease in asset deprivation contributed the largest for the decrease in MPI across the two periods. The use of country-specific indicators, such as land holding and crop stored for agrarian economy, are more likely to identify poor people than indicators used in internationally comparable MPI estimation. This panel based MPI estimation clearly showed the progress or regresses of households in achieving a particular indicator over time

Corporate Author: 
Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-60-10
Primary Descriptors: 

Household Survey-Rural , Panel MPI decomposition estimation

Secondary Descriptor: 

 Multidimensional Poverty Index, Counting Approach

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia
Cataloge Date: 
10/04/2017
Broad Subject heading: 
Poverty
Call Number: 
330.0963 PRO 2017
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
II
Year: 
2017
Publication date: 
2017-06-01 00:00:00
Conference Place: 
Addis Ababa, EEA Multi-purpose Building Conference Hall
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annually
Thematic area: 
Agriculture, Environment and Social Sector Related Topics
Conference date: 
July 21 – 23, 2016

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