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Non-State Social Protection In Ethiopia: Characteristics And Dimensions

Abstract: 

Ethiopia is one of the few countries that put in place a social security system following the ILO declaration on social security and decent work. However, for almost 50 years, the system remained narrow in scope and coverage. More recently, the government has embraced a more Comprehensive approach to providing social protection for all citizens. To this end, it has drafted a national social protection policy and strategy. It is encouraging to observe the State making efforts to meet its obligations. However, the majority of Ethiopian people benefit from informal social protection which are not well documented and understood. In addition, there are formal NSAs (e.g. NGOs) providing a variety of social protection services. The study mapped non‐state social protection providers in purposely selected four research sites – Addis Ketema Sub‐city, Dire Dawa City, Wolmera and Shinile woredas. It examined a number of variables to better understand non‐state social protection. These included characteristic, services provided, horizontal and vertical interaction, gender dimensions and sources of fund. Accordingly, the mapping generated 1094 non‐state actors of which 48.5% are formally registered and 47.9% are informal. Among the formally registered NSAs, 68% are Ethiopian resident charities, 28% are Ethiopian charities and the rest are foreign charities. The survey identified 37 types of social protection services which were grouped into four typologies developed for the study. Livelihood promotion services accounted for 45.3%; welfare services 41% and the rest are social services (such as education and health) and a few providing awareness and counse ing related services. NSA social protection services were found to benefit more women than men, 52% and 48% respectively. However, these NSAs are not considering gender issues at program and strategy design stage. The survey respondents indicated that they engage with state and nonstate actors for a number of reasons. NSA‐State engagement is mainly during registration, project monitoring and follow up and reporting. The interaction is more intensive at district level than higher level actors. NSANSA interaction is mainly to do with information sharing on who is getting what and from whom in order to avoid duplication. NSAs perceive engagement with state actors contributes to their performance more than engagement within. The study established that informal NSAs such as iddir, iqqiub and other traditional mechanisms are still vibrant in rural and urban areas. It is therefore recommended that these institutions should be strategic partners in the design and delivery of social protection as they can play a lead role in important activities such as beneficiary targeting, timely and predictable transfers. The government should consider a dedicated agency or a department within the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs to build the capacity of these grassroots institutions so they can effectively engage in policy dialogue.

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu, Worku Gebeyehu & Demirew Getachew (Editors) & Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-37-2
Primary Descriptors: 

social protection

Secondary Descriptor: 

Social policy

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia
Cataloge Date: 
03/13/2015
Broad Subject heading: 
Social security - Ethiopia
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2014
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
I
Publication date: 
2014-06-02 00:00:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-07-17 00:00:00
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annually