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Determinants of Farmers’ Participation in Local Seed Multiplication and Extent of Its Adoption: the Case of Womberma and Guagusa Shekudad Woredas of Amhara National Regional State

Abstract: 

With the aim of integrating the formal seed sector to that of the informal seed sector, in recent years’ research, extension and development programs in Ethiopia have adopted farmer-based seed production and marketing scheme (FBSPMS). The Amhara National Regional State (ANRS) has also designed and implemented FBSPMS that have been expected to increase the supply of improved seed. Considering the lack of well-organized information on the pace of the aforementioned activity in the regional state, this study is intended to identify the determinants of farmers’ participation in local seed multiplication and to assess the level of farmers’ participation in wheat and potato seed multiplication, especially on the farmers of Womberma and Guagsa Shekudad Woreda. To achieve the aforementioned research objective, primary data was collected from 120 randomly selected respondents through structured questionnaire. The survey data was analyzed using double-hurdle model. The descriptive results of the studies indicates that there is a narrow genetic diversity of wheat varieties and farmers opt to plant only two wheat varieties namely Kubsa (HAR -1685) and Galama (HAR-604) bread wheat varieties. Surprisingly, this both wheat varieties are highly susceptible to stem (stripe) rust problems. Analysis of determinants of farmers’ participation in local seed multiplication identified the superiority of the two-step, double-hurdle model as compared to the one step, Tobit model in describing farm households' involvement in both wheat and potato seed multiplication. Results of the double-hurdle model pertaining to the determinants and intensity of farmers’ participation in both wheat and potato seed multiplication indicated that these two sequential decisions were influenced by different set and levels of determinant factors. To this effect, access to hired labor, distance to the main road, access to input supply, participation in field days, participation in training, and distance to the nearest market center and wealth status in terms of livestock size impacted the first binary decision of whether or not to participate in local seed multiplication farming. On the other hand, farmers' decision on the proportion of land allocated to seed multiplication (intensity of adoption) were found to have been significantly influenced by number of oxen owned, access to complementary input, participation in field days, access to hired labor, size of cultivated land and access to market information. Therefore, responsible government organizations need to give attention to strengthen and leverage government extension service and rural institutions to promote awareness creation of the existing seed multiplication technologies by arranging field day visit and efforts needs to be made in broadening the genetic composition and increase option of the choice of improved high yielding and rust tolerant wheat varieties for farmers using the participatory varietal selection (PVS) methods. Emphasis needs to be given to enacting policies that promote the development of institutions that ensure the availability of farm inputs as well as enhancing the access to basic inputs either through sale or distribution is necessary for meaningful participation of farmers in local seed multiplication.

Corporate Author: 
Demirew Getachew; Getenet Alemu; Worku Gebeyehu (Editors) and Ethiopian Economic Association
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-32-7
Primary Descriptors: 

Double-Hurdle; marketing scheme

Secondary Descriptor: 

Seed multiplication

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia - Amhara National Regional State
Cataloge Date: 
10/11/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
seed production
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2013
Serial Key Title: 
Proceeding of the Tenth International Conference on the Ethiopian EconomyEconomy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
II
Publication date: 
2013-06-03 00:00:00
Conference Place: 
EEA Multi-Purpose Building Conference Hall, Addis Ababa
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annually
Author: 
Conference date: 
July 19 - 21, 2012