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The Road To Long -Term Social Protection: The Case Of Amhara Region Productive Safety Net Programme

Abstract: 

 

The Ethiopian Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) is designed to address chronic food insecurity. For the purpose of the programme, the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) defined chronic food insecurity as a state of food aid recipient for three consecutive years over a ten year period (1994-2004). The PSNP was introduced in 2005 with 5.5 million people, which gradually grew to 8.29 million. The programme has two operational modalities  - public works and direct support. It has completed two phases and is expected to enter its third phase as of January 2010.
 
Amhara National Regional State (ANRS) is one of the regions severely affected by drought over the last 3-4 decades. About 2.5 million people are chronically food insecure as per the above definition and therefore are PSNP beneficiaries since 2005. In this paper, the Amhara PSNP is used as a case to demonstrate how challenging the implementation of PSNP has been and explore the possibility of using PSNP as a basis to design a long-term social protection for the nation in general and the region in particular.
 
The Ethiopian PSNP is regarded as the largest safety net programme in Africa. Partly for this reason it has attracted attention from government and non-government agencies from within and outside Africa. Broadly speaking, the programme has been successful in transforming Ethiopia from a state of annual relief to a multi-year predictable transfer of resources (cash, food or both) to chronically food insecure people. However, in the past five years, the programme has been facing a number of challenges both at national and regional levels and some of these challenges are expected to continue into the new phase. The challenges identified and discussed in this paper are (i) targeting, (ii) programme linkages, (iii) timeliness and predictability of transfers, (iv) purchasing power of cash, (v) graduation, and (vi) programme expansion. 
 
The PSNP is still a short-term intervention in an environment that requires a long-term vision to address deep rooted food insecurity and poverty. Therefore, the paper argues for a long-term social protection and provides options that both the federal and regional governments could consider
 
Corporate Author: 
Getinet Alemu, Demirew Getachew (editors); Ethiopian Economic Association. Bahir Dar Chapter
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-999445413-6
Primary Descriptors: 

Safety net, targeting, linkages, transfer

Secondary Descriptor: 

Economic conditions - PSNP

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia, Ama?ra kelel
Broad Subject heading: 
social protection
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2010
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the First Regional Conference of the Amhara Regional State Economic Development
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2010-03-01 00:00:00
Edition: 
1st
Conference Place: 
Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy
Thematic area: 
Regional Conference of the Amhara Regional State Economic Development
Chapter conference: 
Conference date: 
2009