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Technical Efficiency of Smallholder Maize Producers in Ethiopia: The Case of Wolaita and Gamo Gofa zones

Abstract: 

Increasing population pressure and low levels of agricultural productivity have been critical problems of Ethiopia. These have aggravated the food insecurity situation by widening the gap between demand for and supply of food. Increasing efficiency in maize production could be taken an important step towards attaining food security. The present study was undertaken in Wolaita and Gamo Gofa zone of southern Ethiopia to assess technical efficiency of smallholder farmers and identify factors that determine its magnitude. Data envelopment analysis was used to determine the levels of technical efficiency. Factors influencing technical efficiency of smallholder farmers in maize production were identified using tobit regression model. The mean technical efficiency was found to be 40 percent indicating that there was substantial level of technical inefficiency of smallholder farmers in maize production. Important factors that significantly affected the technical efficiency were agro-ecology, oxen holding, farm size and use of high yielding maize varieties. Thus, concerned authorities have to concentrate in lowlands, improve oxen holding farm households, consolidate the fragmented land holdings and promote high yielding maize varieties to enhance the technical efficiency of maize producers

Corporate Author: 
Worku Gebeyehu & Demirew Getachew (Editors). ; Ethiopian Economic Association. Awassa Chapter
Publisher: 
Ethiopia Economics Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-28-10
Primary Descriptors: 

<p>Decision making unit,</p>

Secondary Descriptor: 

<p>technical efficiency, tobit</p>

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia -Wolaita and Gamo Gofa
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
Data envelopment
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2012
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Second Regional Conference of the SNNPRs Economic Development
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-08-27 00:00:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 00:00:00
Edition: 
2nd
Conference Place: 
Hawassa, Ethiopia
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy
Thematic area: 
Regional Conference of the SNNPRs Economic Development
Chapter conference: 
Conference date: 
2009