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The Effect of Poverty on Households' Vulnerability to Hiv/Aids Infection: The Case of Bahir Dar City in Ethiopia

Abstract: 

Though the impact of HIV/AIDS infection on the livelihood of people is well defined, there is no sufficient empirical evidence for the reverse causation. This research aims at investigating the impact of poverty on risk of HIV infection in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. Primary data were collected mainly using structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and econometric models were employed in analysis. The former shows that poverty in the city is so widespread in terms of both quantitative and qualitative measures. The econometric findings reveal that the non-poor have higher probability of overall risk of contracting the virus. Our data falls short of supporting the widely held view and our hypothesis that poverty directly contributes to risk of HIV infection. The findings imply that proper implementation of the national poverty reduction strategy with local government and community participation is important to tackle poverty. Very importantly also, the sexual behaviour of people making them vulnerable to HIV needs to be targeted.

Corporate Author: 
Worku Gebeyehu & Demirew Getachew (Editors); Ethiopian Economic Association. Bahir Dar Chapter
Publisher: 
Ethiopia Economics Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-26-6
Primary Descriptors: 

logistic regression, sexual behaviour

Secondary Descriptor: 

socio-economic status, vulnerability

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia (Bahir Dar), Ama?ra kelel
Broad Subject heading: 
HIV/AIDS
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2012
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Third Regional Conference of the Amhara Regional State Economic Development
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 00:00:00
Edition: 
3rd
Conference Place: 
Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy
Thematic area: 
Regional Conference of the Amhara Regional State Economic Development
Chapter conference: 
Conference date: 
2011