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Fertility Decisions of Households in Response to Environmental Goods Scarcity: The Case of Sekota District, Wag Himra Administrative Zone of the Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Abstract: 

The current population boom unparalleled in human history is largely concentrated in developing countries. Population growth rate, particularly high fertility rate, in these countries is perhaps related to unacceptable risk of child death, extreme poverty related to the deterioration of natural resource base like potable water, fodder and fuel wood. In many empirical studies, population increase is considered as one of the most important factors contributing to environmental degradation. However, the reverse effect has not been well documented. Therefore, the general objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between the levels of environmental goods scarcity and fertility decisions of households. Both primary and secondary data sources were used for this purpose. The data were analyzed using the Tobit model. It was found that fuel wood and water scarcity, part of environmental good scarcity, affect fertility negatively. Another variable, which is also related to environmental good scarcity, was risk of child mortality rate that affects fertility positively. In addition to these factors other than environmental goods that affect fertility were household calorie intake per capita, women age category, and education of women. As far as the responsiveness of these factors is concerned, it was found that fuel wood scarcity is the major determinant of fertility decisions of households in absolute value followed by household calorie intake per capita. Water scarcity, rate of child mortality risk, women age category, and women's education were the third, fourth, fifth and sixth determinants of the fertility decisions of households in absolute value, respectively

Corporate Author: 
Getinet Alemu, Demirew Getachew (editors); Ethiopian Economic Association. Bahir Dar Chapter
Publisher: 
Ethiopia Economics Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-999445413-6
Primary Descriptors: 

Socioeconomics factor; Fertility

Secondary Descriptor: 

<p>Farm household</p>

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia, Ama?ra kelel
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
Environmental good scarcity
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2010
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the First Regional Conference of the Amhara Regional State Economic Development
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-03-27 00:00:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 00:00:00
Edition: 
1st
Conference Place: 
Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy
Thematic area: 
Regional Conference of the Amhara Regional State Economic Development
Chapter conference: 
Conference date: 
2009