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Firm-Level technology Capacity Building in the Manufacturing sector

Abstract: 

Despite the appropriateness of a formulated overall development policy success depends upon institutional implementation capacity. The acquisition of implementation capabilities claims scarce resources for its evolution over time moreover; it is not a homogeneous phenomenon. One area of capacity building is technological capacity development which is the underlying basis for dynamically sustainable socio- economic development. It appears that this area has not been getting due attention in Ethiopia.
The paper is basically a review of the literature in the area of technological leafrning process. It reviews the significance of the contributions of technology in the growth performance of economies and its crucial significance as a key competitive edge in the present day changing world. N the discussion on the distinct features of technology, it is argued that technological development calls for deliberate and conscious commitment of resources for its development. Though technological development is not an end by itself, it needs to be developed first to pay off. Otherwise, passive learning-by-doing leads to nowhere, here, but technological underdevelopment.
Realising this, the paper shares its observation that in the Ethiopian industrial sector, despite nearly a century's experience in the same industries, the technological dependence on imports has not been abated from the observations on the Ethiopian industries one learns the fact that passive leaming-by-doing has not led to firm level technological capability building. Instead we observe uncompetiive and ever infant industries. We do import textile, cement, breweries, flour, plastic, tannery and other technologies the same way we used to do in the 1920s 1930s and 1940s entirely depending on turnkey projects, and low production capability. Innovation capability appears to be remotely far to think of for and Ethiopian manufacturing firm despite the fact that the industries are of the matured technology type

Corporate Author: 
Gebrehiwot Ageba, Jemal Mohammed and Solomon Tesfay (Editors) , Ethiopian Economic Association(EEA) , Department of Economics of AAU & Fredrich Ebert Stifung
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Primary Descriptors: 

Manufacture - technology; Industrial sector

Secondary Descriptor: 

Learning process - technology

Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
Manufacturing industries
Call Number: 
338.963 PRO 2002
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual conference on the Ethiopian economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-12-27 23:12:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:58:23
Conference Place: 
Nov. 2-4, 2001, Nazareth, Ethiopia
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy
Thematic area: 
Policy Reform, Implementation and outcome in Ethiopia