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Human Resource in Economic development

Abstract: 

Given the crucial role played by human resources in a country's economic development this paper attempts to assess the current status of human resource development in Ethiopia and the extent to which the issue has been addressed through policy and program initiatives adopted since the 1991 change of government. The assessments of the education and health sectors show that, in spite of the many achievements made in these sectors since 1991, there still remain major problems which need to be resolved At present, the education sector is beset by problems of extremely low and stagnant primary school enrollment, inadequate number of qualified teachers capable of teaching in newly introduced local languages at regional level 9and associated shortage of educational materials in these languages), high school drop- out and repetition rates restricted access to tertiary education, high illiteracy rates, and overall low quality of education. Similarly, in the health sector, unequal regional and rural-urban distribution of health services and facilities, difficult access to these, by the poor and rural residents' low awareness about health care, inadequate nutrition, and lack of clean water still remain major problems. It is also argued that cultural factors, like negative attitudes towards progress and initiative, prevalent in Ethiopian society have contributed to the poor state of human resource development in the country. The paper also discusses the implications for human resources development of social and economic reforms implemented by the current government and outlines some of the major constraints and potentials faced in this respect

Corporate Author: 
Senait Seyoum and alemayehu Seyoum (editors) , Ethiopian Economic Association(EEA), Departments of Economics of AAU & Fredrich Ebert Stifung
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Primary Descriptors: 

Career development

Secondary Descriptor: 

Human Resource Development

Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
Economic Development - Human Resource
Call Number: 
338.963 PRO 1998
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Seventh Annual conference on the Ethiopian economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-02-27 15:58:14
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:58:14
Conference Place: 
Nov. 28 - 30, 1997, Nazareth, Ethiopia
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy
Thematic area: 
Human resource Development in Ethiopia