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Disparities in Public Service Provision in Niger: Cross-Department Evidence on Primary Schools and Healthcare

Abstract: 

In Developing Countries, Provision Of Public Services Continues To Fall Short Of Demand. Under Severe Infrastructure Backlogs, Marginal Benefit Theory Envisages That Measures Aimed At Maximising Average Access Rates Can Have Contradictory Impacts In The Medium Term: Depending On Sector Characteristics And Infrastructure Needs, Geographical Disparities May Decline In Some Sectors, And Persist Or Widen In Others. Relative To Expected Outcomes, Tobit Models With/Without Eligibility and Spatial Effects Suggest Mixed Evidence for Access to Primary Schools and Healthcare across Districts (Departments) In Niger. With Strict Eligibility Thresholds, These Effects Are More Relevant For Healthcare. Once Local Population Is Accounted For, Sahelian And Sahelo-Sudanian Districts Lag Systematically Behind Others In School Access Improvements. In Both Sectors, Hardly Any Additional Gains Appear To Accrue To Worse-Off Districts, Relative To Targeted Districts Randomly Chosen. This Implies No Selectivity Bias In Models With Exogenous Eligibility, And Points To A Need For Strengthening Social Service Delivery And Better Targeting Poverty In Poorer Districts

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu & Worku Gebeyehu (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-25-9
Primary Descriptors: 

Marginal Benefit

Secondary Descriptor: 

Eligibility, Spatial Tobit

Geographic Descriptors: 
Niger
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
Public Services
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2012
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
III
Publication date: 
2013-06-27 23:12:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:57:53
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy
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