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Stove Adoption and Implications for Deforestation and Land Degradation: The Case of Ethiopia

Abstract: 

In Ethiopia Deforestation Is A Major Problem And Many Peasants Have Switched From Fuel-Wood To Dung For Cooking And Heating Purposes, Thereby Damaging The Agricultural Productivity Of Cropland. The Government Has Embarked On A Two-Pronged Policy In An Effort To Stem Deforestation And The Degradation Of Agricultural Lands: (I) Tree Planting (Afforestation); And (Ii) Dissemination Of More Efficient Stove Technologies. This Paper Investigates The Potential Of The Strategy Of Disseminating Improved Stoves In The Rehabilitation Of Agricultural And Forests Lands, Using A Dataset On A Cross-Section Of 200 Farm Households From The Highlands Of Tigrai Region, Northern Ethiopia. Results Indicate That Farm Households In Tigrai Region Of Ethiopia Are Willing To Adopt New/Improved Stove Innovations If These Result In Economic Savings. Moreover, Results Suggest A Significant Positive Impact In Slowing The Degradation Of Agricultural And Forested Lands. On A Per Household Basis, We Found That Adopters Collect About 70 Kg Less Wood And About 20 Kg Less Dung Each Month, Which Indicates That Adoption Of Improved Stoves Reduces Harvest Pressure On Local Forest Stands. In Terms Of Wood Alone, Assuming An Average Of 120 Metric Ton Of Biomass Per Ha, We Found The Potential Reduction In Deforestation Amounts To Some 1,200 Ha Per Year, Not An Inconsequential Savings

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu & Worku Gebeyehu (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-24-2
Primary Descriptors: 

Fuel-Savings Efficiency; Stoves

Secondary Descriptor: 

Technology Adoption

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
Land Degradation
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2012
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
I
Publication date: 
2013-06-27 23:12:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:43:19
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy