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Does Irrigation Enhance And Food Deficits Discourage Fertilizer Adoption In A Risky Environment? Evidence From Tigray, Ethiopia

Abstract: 

This paper assesses how rainfall risk, access to irrigation, and food deficits affect the probability and intensity of fertilizer use in the highlands of Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Using a Cragg (Double Hurdle) model, we found that households are more likely to use fertilizer and that they used significantly higher amounts of fertilizer on irrigated plots than on rain-fed plots. The probability and intensity of fertilizer use was significantly higher in areas with higher average rainfall and in areas with lower rainfall variability. Irrigation was significantly more important for fertilizer adoption and fertilizer intensity in lower rainfall areas. Irrigation had a stronger positive effect on intensity of fertilizer use in areas with high rainfall variability. However, among these households, those that decided to use fertilizer used significantly more fertilizer than households that did not have a food deficit

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu & Worku Gebeyehu (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-20-7
Primary Descriptors: 

irrigation Average rainfall

Secondary Descriptor: 

Rainfall variability

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia, Tigray
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
food deficit, fertilizer use
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2011
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
III
Publication date: 
2013-06-27 23:11:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:43:18
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy