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The Impact Of Agricultural Water Management Technologies On Poverty, In Ethiopia

Abstract: 

The main focus of this paper is to explore whether access to selected AWMTs, such as deep and shallow wells, ponds, river diversions and small dams, has led to significant reduction in poverty and, if they did so, to identify which technologies have higher impacts. In measuring impact we followed different approaches: separation tests, propensity score matching and poverty analysis. The study used a dataset from a representative sample of 1517 households from 30 Peasant Associations (Kebeles) in four regions of Ethiopia. Findings indicated that the estimated average treatment effect on per capita income was significant and amounted to USD 82 per season. Moreover, there was 22% less poverty incidence among users of AWMTs compared to non-users. Deep wells, river diversions and micro dams have led to 50, 32 and 25 percent reduction in poverty incidence compared to rain-fed system. Finally, our study identified the most important determinants of poverty on the basis of which we made policy recommendations: i) build assets (AWMT, livestock, etc); ii) human resource development; and iii) improve the functioning of labor markets and access to these (input or output) markets for enhanced impact of AWMT on poverty

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu & Worku Gebeyehu (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-20-7
Primary Descriptors: 

water management, income

Secondary Descriptor: 

consumption expenditure, propensity score matching

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
poverty analysis
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2011
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
III
Publication date: 
2013-06-27 23:11:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:43:15
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy