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Institutions, Sustainable Land Use and Welfare: The Case of Forest and Grazing Lands in Northern Ethiopia

Abstract: 

Land is an essential factor of production for agriculture, forestry as well as other land related activities. Institutions that govern its use determine the sustainability and efficient use of this essential resource. In Ethiopia all land is publicly owned. Such an institutional setting is said to have resulted in major degradation of Ethiopia's land resources and dissipation of the resource rent, as available forest and grazing lands are exploited in a suboptimal fashion. An alternative to current institutional setting is to assign private property institution, but this will lead to welfare costs. In this paper, we examine the welfare effects (from consumer perspective) of change in institutional setting to forest and grazing lands using a unique data set covering 200 cross-section households in Tigrai, Northern Ethiopia. Findings suggest that changing the current institutional setting could indeed be welfare reducing.

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemun & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-16-3
Primary Descriptors: 

LAND USE

Secondary Descriptor: 

WELFARE, GRAZING LANDS

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia, Northern
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
Agricultural development - FOREST
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2010
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
III
Publication date: 
2013-05-27 23:10:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:43:08
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy

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