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Policy and Institutional Analysis of Smallholder Indigenous Cattle Production In Dano District Of Western Showa, Ethiopia

Abstract: 

Livestock play an important role and has major contribution of agricultural GDP in some sub-Saharan Africa countries in general and in Ethiopia in particular. Ethiopia has the largest livestock resource than any other African country. Much of the livestock production in the country relies on indigenous animal genetic resources. However, much has not been done in terms of their improvement so that these traditional practices are threatened by pressure of economic development. Besides, these unique resources are believed to be at risk of loss due to genetic erosion. The main objective of this study is to analyze the existing policy and institutional environment in order to identify polices that enhance improved and sustainable use of indigenous breeds/strains, and to identify immediate strategic options to address current constraints/threats. The study was conducted in Dano district of Western Showa. A total of 150 farmers were interviewed in the study area between December 2006 and January 2007 to generate primary data for the study. Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) and descriptive statistics were employed to analyze the data. Sensitivity analysis with various scenarios was also done to assess the effect of the different strategies on poor livestock-keepers. The study results indicate that both private (financial) and social (economic) profits of the existing production system were positive; implying that indigenous cattle production in Dano district was profitable for producers as well as for the country at large. In this study, possible policy implications were made in order to improve conservation, management and sustainable use of indigenous animal genetic resources

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemun & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-16-3
Primary Descriptors: 

INDIGENOUS CATTLE

Secondary Descriptor: 

Livestock PRODUCTION

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia, Western Showa
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
Agricultural development
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2010
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
III
Publication date: 
2013-05-27 23:10:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:09:21
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy

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