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Determinants of Child Health Status: Empirical Evidence from Rural Ethiopia


Diarrheal disease is one of the major causes of child morbidity and death in Ethiopia. Using survey data, this paper investigates the determinants of diarrhea incidence among under-five age children in rural areas of the country. A probit model was applied for our empirical analysis. The estimated results indicate that child diarrheal disease incidence is explained not only by household economic status and village level infrastructure but also by biological characteristics of the child. More specifically, the probability of falling sick due to diarrhea is significantly and inversely related to household wealth status. A child in lowest wealth quintile has a six percentage point increase in diarrheal disease incidence compared to those in the highest wealth quintile. Children in households accessing clean water and practicing composting solid waste have significantly lower probability of diarrheal disease. Similarly, children who reside in villages with access to credit and saving association experience significantly lower risk of contracting the disease. In contrast, children in ethnically diverse villages are more prone to diarrhea morbidity. Furthermore, infants and younger children experience higher incidence of the disease. Thus, development interventions at the child, household and village levels play an important role to promote child health in rural areas of Ethiopia

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemun & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
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Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia, Rural
Cataloge Date: 
Broad Subject heading: 
preventive health care
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2010
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
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Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-05-27 23:10:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:09:19
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Current frequency: