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Institutional Analysis of Water Management on Communal Irrigation Systems In Ethiopia: The Case Of Atsbi Wemberta Woreda, Tigray Region And Ada'a Woreda, Oromiya Region

Abstract: 

Improved access to agricultural water supply plays critical role in the sustainable livelihoods of rural people. This study examines nature, cropping pattern and impact of communal irrigation water use and identifies the determinants of collective action and its effectiveness in managing irrigation sites, based on a survey of 169 communities (groups) in Atsbi Wemberta woreda (Tigray region ) and Ada'a woreda (Oromiya region), Ethiopia. Analyses of descriptive and econometric methods are used. Analysis of qualitative information supplemented the econometric results. Collective action in managing irrigation water generally functions well in both woredas, which supports the role of communities in sustainable management and utilization of common property resources. The econometric results show that collective action is more effective in irrigation water users of Atsbi than Ada'a. The study also implies that collective action for irrigation water management may be more beneficial and more effective in groups with intermediate number of beneficiaries that are close to markets and credit access, in groups that have longer years of experience in irrigation water use, in groups with larger family size and in schemes where there was participation of beneficiaries during construction of irrigation infrastructure. Collective action for community resource management is likely to be more effective if the participation of local organizations in the irrigation schemes is high and if involvement of external organizations is demand driven and complementary to local initiatives. Our evidence also shows that provision of training favors collective action. Thus, expansion of training for beneficiary farmers by governmental and non-governmental organizations will have positive and remarkable impact on efficient management of the common property resource. Groups that are distant from markets or with larger number of beneficiaries, private - oriented approaches to resource management may be more effective. In both study areas, local routes such as associations and conflict resolution committees are preferred by local communities. Hence, attention should be given to such informal institutions to strengthen their capacity and in creating strong linkage with the formal institution arrangements. Finally, it was also found that using communal managed irrigation schemes has a positive impact on beneficiary farmers' income as well as on the living standard of their families. Moreover, over time, beneficiaries depend more on the production from their irrigated fields. Thus, emphasis needs to be given in infrastructure and marketing

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-09-9
Primary Descriptors: 

Water management; Irrigation

Secondary Descriptor: 

Sustainable water management; Irrigation water management

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
Agricultural water supply, Rural
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2009
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
II
Publication date: 
2013-05-27 23:09:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:02:19
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy

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