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Fuel efficient technology adoption in Ethiopia: evidence from improved " MIRT" stove technology : a cae in selected Kebeles from " Adea " Woreda Easter Shoa zone

Abstract: 

Energy is vital for economic development for both developed and developing countries. The need for energy in developed nations is a question of comfort but for developing nations it is a question of survival and poverty. The needs for energy in developing countries meet from biomass resource, these resources are heavily utilized and it has adverse effect on the environment and natural resource. And it is directly used by inefficient stoves; this direct burning of biomass has impact on the health of the poor (especially women and children), income, household environment and resource.
Improvement was made but success of many interventions in dissemination of efficient improved stoves in both rural and urban settings are not successful due to top down and supply nature of the programs, technology centered and lack of compatibility with the beneficiary groups. Therefore, those factors indicate the need for existing research to start from the target group not on the technology. The main objective of this study is to analyze the determinant factors that affect household decision to adopt fuel efficient improved stove technology and to acquire information about the technology. Evidence taken from improved ("Mirt") stove technology in "Adea" wereda, both in rural and urban settings. The study take in to consideration the socio-economic, demographic, dwelling characteristics, information diffusion and attitudinal variables of the household in the study area.
The increasing scarcity of biomass and the increment of the number of people who use biomass, particularly fire wood, threaten the capability of the country even to maintain the already existing low income and living standard of the people. Therefore, the need for adopting improved Mirt stove not only enables the households to use fuel efficiently, but it will enable them to curb the problems caused by using traditional and open fire stoves as well as biomass energy related problems. It can also mitigate the impacts on the users' health, the over all environment and natural resources brought by using those traditional and open fire stoves.
With two estimated equations, that is information and adoption equation. This study result reveals that improvement in socio economic conditions of the people have positive impact on information acquisition and access in urban and rural households. Moreover the result supports the "energy Ladder" hypothesis as theoretical and functional useful framework to explain the fuel use and improved technology adoption in the study area. The finding also reveals socio-economic improvements also have direct and significant impact on adoption decision. This finding also reinforce the role of government and non government organization to play a major role in information diffusion and to enhance the adoption decision of the people to protect the country natural resource and to resolve environmental problems that arise due to excessive utilization of biomass resource

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu and Edilegnaw Wale (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-07-5
Primary Descriptors: 

improved stove adoption

Secondary Descriptor: 

information adoption

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia, Easter Shoa
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
"energy ladder"
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2009
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
III
Publication date: 
2013-12-27 23:09:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:02:17
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy
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