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An appraisal of the nine basin initiative in the alleviation of Ethiopia food insecurity and environment degradation

Abstract: 

The Nile River snakes through jungles, slashes through gorges and floats through deserts, offering lives to more than 300 million peoples. The Nile Basin countries established the Nile Basin Initiative to achieve sustainable socio-economic development through the equitable utilization of, and benefit from, the common Nile Basin water resources, on the one hand, and to alleviate food insecurity and environmental degradation, on the other. Today, however, the Nile Basin is facing a high rate of environmental degradation and food insecurity. Among the riparian states, Ethiopia is suffering the most. The country is on a knife-edge. The ecological crisis is deepening from time to time. Every single day, millions of Ethiopians are starving..
The main objectives of this thesis are, therefore, to critically assess the present status of the Eastern Nile Subsidiary Action Programs (ENSAP) projects, particularly those projects that are directed to solve the problems of food insecurity and environmental degradation and also tries to examine the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) and its contribution in addressing these problems and to make some prognosis about its future status. This paper has used both secondary and primary sources of data. Semi-structured and unstructured interviews with key informants, concerned persons and pertinent organizations are held.
The study found out that there are many positive developments with some challenges. The ENSAP projects have immense potential to alleviate Ethiopia's food insecurity and environmental degradation, if implemented timely and properly. To date, there is a high spirit of cooperation among the Eastern Nile countries to implement ENSAP projects on the ground through fast track approach, even if the projects are behind schedule and their expected outputs are yet to be realized

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu and Edilegnaw Wale (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-07-5
Primary Descriptors: 

food insecurity

Secondary Descriptor: 

environment degradation

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
Water natural resources and Agricultural Practices
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2009
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
III
Publication date: 
2013-12-27 23:09:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:02:14
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy

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