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Intra-Household gender - bias in child education spending in rural Ethiopia: panel evidence


Gender bias is common among rural households in Ethiopia. It has been manifested in terms of different socio-economic outcomes. Using panel data from Ethiopian Rural Household Survey (ERHS) conducted in six waves from 1994 to 2004, the study will try to empirically examine intrar-household gender gap in education spending among rural households in Ethiopia. The fact that, there is significant number of non-enrollment among rural children and hence zero educational spending, we will apply a hurdle models to investigate intra-household allocation of educational spending among male and female children. In this model, we try to control for unobserved individual heterogeneity by applying appropriate panel specification. We expect two potential channels of gender bias. First, bias in the decision whether to enroll both male and female children in school. The second channel is bias in the decision of education expenditure conditional on keeping both male and female children in school. We will conclude our analysis with important policy implications

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu and Edilegnaw Wale (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Primary Descriptors: 

child education

Geographic Descriptors: 
Cataloge Date: 
Broad Subject heading: 
Social Sector- Education
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2009
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-12-27 23:09:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:02:13
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Current frequency: