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Repatriation and squatting: the case of returnees from Eritrea to Kore

Abstract: 

This paper explores the compelling causes, processes and consequences of the Ethiopian displacement that took place in 1991 from Eritrea. To lay down general frame work for the study, the Ravensteinn's & Lee's model of migration and theories of Aided Self help housing and empowerment approach of alternative development have been employed. Questionnaire surveys, field observation, interview, focus group discussion and artefacts were used to generate the necessary data for the analysis. The findings identified that the Ethio-Eritrea war, defeat of the Derge government and shift of political power into the hands of Shabia in Eritrea were the main factors for the displacement of Ethiopians into a number of countries. Along the arduous journey and in refugee camps, displaced Ethiopians were confronted with the mistreatment of the Shabia force, severe shortage of water, food, isolation of families, etc. The prevalence of meager infrastructure was the common culture within the Kore community in Addis Ababa after repatriation. The results of the survey also confirmed that 92.3% of the sample respondents of Kore community were using the informal sector as the sole means of earning their livelihood. However, the repatriates of Kore were benefited from their settlement in Addis Ababa in getting access to temporary shelter, base of organized negotiation, social services, base of informal economy and livelihood strategies though they were marginalized and limited in nature. The lack of open discussion between government and community representatives had widened the gulf to come into common rehabilitation strategies. The delay of appropriate measures by the concerned government institutions as well led the repatriates' to be opportunity seekers. Thus, the Kore squatters demanded the government to provide them either urban land or public houses in Addis Ababa with other benefits. Such escalated demand of the community in most cases ended up with frequent contradiction on the claim of urban land ownership. Generally, appropriate rehabilitation measures that compromise the demand of the community and capacity of the government would have been designed by the community oriented discussion. Because in such public discussions difference can be minimized, conflict would be resolved and foundation might be laid for sustainable development

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu and Edilegnaw Wale (Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
ISBN/ISSN: 
978-99944-54-06-8
Primary Descriptors: 

displacement, returnees,

Secondary Descriptor: 

model, theories, livelihood strategies, opportunity seekers,

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
appropriate rehabilitation
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2009
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
II
Publication date: 
2013-12-27 23:09:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:02:13
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy