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Sustainability of Livelihoods Strategies in Southern Ethiopia


This study used the sustainable livelihoods (SL) framework to analyze the livelihoods profile and strategies for 200 sample households in Umbullo watershed, Southern Ethiopia. The study was carried out during April-May 2004. In terms of livelihood outcomes, the majority of households (69%) reported that their economic situation had worsened over the past five years, and agricultural extension and rural development policies have not yet responded to this decline in welfare. The study further showed that agricultural intensification through blanket extension packages had not helped farmers either. Rising population levels, illiteracy, declining land productivity, increasing costs of technological inputs, low asset endowment along with lack of viable livelihoods diversification opportunities have left farmers in appalling living condition. Households were able to feed themselves on average for only 8 months in a year from their own production. This forced the farmers to be expectant of food aid from the government and other sources. A sudden landslide and subsequent decrease in water table have resulted in limited opportunities for the studied households to get sufficient and clean drinking water for human use and livestock. In the absence of favorable access to large urban markets, infrastructure, technical assistance, and credit, win-win outcomes for increasing agricultural productivity and human welfare while conserving natural production resources remain a challenge

Corporate Author: 
Getnet Alemu & []. & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Primary Descriptors: 

Livelihoods strategies

Secondary Descriptor: 


Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia, South
Cataloge Date: 
Broad Subject heading: 
Growth and Development
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2006
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the Third International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Publication date: 
2013-05-27 23:06:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 15:02:02
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Current frequency: