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Socio-economic and Environmental Effects of Age Transition in Ethiopia: 1950-2000

Abstract: 

The history of modern Ethiopia has been shaped and dominated by dramatic shifts in ideology, intense conflicts, famine, drought, and extreme poverty. Various theories such as the modernization and dependency theories are used to conceptualize the essence and consequences of the historical processes. This study uses the conceptual framework of age transition to understand and interpret the historical processes since 1950. The focus of the study is on examining the socio-economic outcomes of the age transition. Since the onset of the demographic transition in the 20th century, the country is experiencing two orderly phases of the age transition. The first phase, known as the child phase, is characterized by dominance of subsistence farming, natural resource exploitation, de-accumulation, concentration of poverty in rural areas, dependency on foreign capital and aid, child labour and women's oppression. Because of these features, the child phase is dubbed as a demographic burden. Since the early 1970s, a young adult phase is emerging promising to be a dominant demographic factor. Even if this phase overlaps and operates within the straight jacket of the demographic burden, it has its own dynamics and outcomes that sharply distinguish it from the child phase. The young adult phase is characterized by high population mobility (internal migration, outward migration and urbanization); agricultural involution; the transformation of the structure of output and employment (economic diversification, growth of informal economy, land market and microfinance institutions); increasing rise of urban poverty; institutional and ideological transformations (revolution, nationalism/ethnicity, decentralization, establishment of mass organizations, professional associations and democratic institutions) and intense social communication

Corporate Author: 
Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Primary Descriptors: 

Environmental aspects

Secondary Descriptor: 

Economic aspects

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
SOCIAL SECTOR ISSUES
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2004
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
III
Publication date: 
2013-05-27 23:04:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 14:55:41
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy