Main menu

Economic Analysis of Farmers' Incentive s to Diversity on Native Sorghum Varieties in Ethiopia

Abstract: 

Crop genetic resources are the building blocks of sustainable agricultural development for their role not only as inputs for variety development but also as indigenous crop insurance mechanisms through traditional variety portfolio management. Their continuous survival is, however, threatened by natural and human-driven factors. This threat has induced the need for designing conservation measures. Among the in-situ and ex-situ conservation options available to conserve crop genetic resources, on-farm conservation has recently attracted enormous attention by concerned organizations. To make this option operational, placing incentives and removal of perverse incentives are believed to be crucial so that landraces of no immediate interest to farmers can be conserved. However, before designing sound incentives and / or removing perverse incentives, there is a need to understand farmers' motives for managing portfolio of traditional varieties.

Having this in mind, a utility-based model that considers on-farm diversity as a positive externality of farmers' livelihood decisions is adopted. Accordingly, on-farm diversity is considered as the derived outcome of farmers' revealed preferences subject to their concerns and constraints. To empirically test the relationships, Poisson regression model is estimated using a rural household survey data collected from 198 sorghum growing farmers in Eastern Ethiopia.

The results have shown the most important diversity promoting factors and those factors detaching the link between farmers' derived demand for on-farm diversification and their spillover effects on crop diversity. Based on the empirical results, the paper concludes outlining the policy implications of the findings to undertake on-farm conservation of crop genetic resources

Corporate Author: 
Alemayehu Seyoum(Editor) & Ethiopian Economic Association/Ethiopian Economic Policy Research Institute
Publisher: 
Ethiopian Economic Association (EEA)
Primary Descriptors: 

Economic assistance

Geographic Descriptors: 
Ethiopia
Cataloge Date: 
02/27/2013
Broad Subject heading: 
DEVELOPMENT - AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
Call Number: 
330.963 PRO 2004
Serial Key Title: 
Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy
Publication catagory: 
Content type: 
Volume: 
II
Publication date: 
2013-05-27 23:04:00
Forum or Discussion date: 
2013-02-27 14:45:34
Place of publication: 
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Type of material: 
Book
Current frequency: 
Annualy